Peculiarities of Formation of the Cognitive Functions in Junior School Children with Different Maturity of Regulatory Brain Systems. R.I.Machinskaya, O.A.Semenova, 2004
Abstract — To reveal the specific role of maturation of modulating, regulatory brain systems in formation of cognitive processes at the junior school age, was performed a complex electroencephalographic and neuropsychological examination of the 7–8-year-old children with different degrees of functional maturity of the regulatory systems. It has been shown that an essential factor determining formation of the higher psychic functions (HPF) at the junior school age is maturation of the frontothalamic system. Immaturity of this system in the 7–8-year-old children leads to a deficiency of functions of programming, regulation, and control of the activity. The most substantial changes were revealed for the components of the voluntary organization of the activity, which are connected with its selectivity both in realization of current tasks and in creation of the activity strategy. The deficiency of processes of voluntary regulation in the 7–8-year-old children with immaturity of the fronto thalamic system is combined with a delay of development of the meaning forming speech function. Comparison of data of the neuropsychological and electroencephalographic examination has permitted suggesting that the basis of the revealed changes in the HPF formation in the 7–8 year-old-children is immaturity of the main neurophysiological mechanisms that provide a selective involvement of different cortical regions in providing their activity both in the course of its realization and during preparation to it as well as an under development of differentiated intracortical connections in the left hemisphere.